Mr Mogae, who heads the Botswana government-backed Aids Council, said it was difficult to promote safe sex when the two practices were illegal. His views are controversial as many conservative Batswana frown upon homosexuality and prostitution. ...
A government spokesman on HIV/Aids told the BBC homosexuality and prostitution would remain illlegal until the government concluded wide-ranging consultations to see whether there was a need to change the law.
Mr Mogae said Botswana could not regard homosexuals - a tiny minority in the country - as criminals."I don't understand it [homosexuality]. I am a heterosexual," he told the BBC's Network Africa programme. "I look at women. I don't look at other men. But there are men who look at other men. These are citizens."
This is not Mogae's first time speaking out for gay rights. In May 2011, Mogae and former Zambian President Kenneth Kuanda called for the decriminalization of sodomy statutes across Africa. Mogae and Kuanda argued that harsh penalties dissuade gay men who are HIV positive against seeking treatment.
Botswana has one of the world's highest HIV/AIDS rates. An estimated 17% of the population is positive.
Activists in Botswana's small LGBT community have sued the government over its anti-sodomy laws. Sodomy and/or same-sex relations are illegal in at least 37 countries in Africa.